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From Rediscover Nigeria desk

  AGRICULTURE   The wealth of a nation is partially measured by its ability to guarantee its citizenry food security.In…

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From Rediscover Nigeria's Desk

Manufacturing in Nigeria concentrates mainly on the production of consumer goods. With a population estimated today at over 156 million…

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Nigeria! Overview

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From Rediscover Nigeria's Desk

Tourism in Nigeria has huge potentials to be a major foreign exchange earner. The Obasanjo administration has created awareness among…

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Nigeria's Resources

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Nigeria's total verified external debts as at December 2010 was US$4.578 billion as against US$3.947 billion in 2009. Total scrutinized…

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Rediscover Nigeria Tourism
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Tourism in Nigeria has huge potentials to be a major foreign exchange earner. The Obasanjo administration has created awareness among various stakeholders through the Presidential Council on Tourism. It can be an alternative to oil in an effort to diversify the economy. Tourist sites are vast and numerous thus creating many varieties for the tourist. The beaches are exotic, the flora and fauna species are numerous and the hotels are safe and reasonably cheap. Holiday resorts are being developed in various parts of Nigeria and the wake up call is being heeded.


Africa has become famous for its exotic species of wild life found in protected habitats. Nigeria has eight National Parks scattered in various parts and each offering a variety for the tourist. The eco systems in which they are set offer the rich mix desired and the fauna species are re-populating after many years of uncontrolled gaming. Serious conservation statutes are relatively new in Nigeria. It started with the gazetting of games and forest reserves in 1979 when the Borgu Games Reserve was upgraded to a National Park. Seven other National Parks were subsequently added.


The Chad Basin National Park is conceived around a desert eco system which is a reflection of Nigeria's sahel savannah. The park has locations in both Yobe and Borno States. The Hadejia-Nguru wetland is internationally acclaimed as a sanctuary where Palaearctic migrant birds congregate. More than 200 species of birds have been documented and it is an important centre of research for Ornithologists.
The Sambisa sector has Giraffes, Ostriches, Red-fronted Gazelle and a flurry of Guinea fowls among other desert wild life species.


The Old Oyo National Park is built around the guinea savannah eco-system and covers a total area of 2,512sq. km on the northern fringes of Oyo State. Within the park are ruins of Oyo Ile, the ancient political capital of the old Oyo Empire. The park also has exotic picnic sites and facilities for a boat ride on the Ikere Gorge Dam. The origins of the famous Ogun River are within the park. In addition to this are Buffaloes, Bush Buck, Roan Antelope and Warthogs. It also has a rich museum at its headquarters in Oyo Town.


The Kainji Lake National Park covers an area of 5,830sq. km and comprises of two sectors the Borgu and Zugurma sectors. It is supported by the River Niger dammed at Kainji after which it is named. Within the park are hills and shrines associated with the aborigines. They include the Kali and Jekana hills and shrines and the Lion caves at Zugurma. The park has an exotic population of Hippos, Kobs, Roan Antelopes, Lions, Hartebeests and a wide variety of flora species typical of savannahs. The Park has 49 standard chalets, conference facility for 140 persons and boats for lake cruising.


The Yankari National Park was first gazetted as a games reserve in 1956. Its total area is 2,250sq. km and is Nigeria's most popular national park. It is in Bauchi state. Features of the park include more than 52 different documented species of large mammals the most prominent of which are Elephants. Others include Mona Monkeys, Baboons, Water Bucks, Lions, Hippopotami, Hartebeests, 153 species of birds, 147 of Fish and three warm springs.

The Wikki warm spring which has crystal clear water gives the tourist a choice for swimming after a tour of the park. Traces of man's early history are also found in the Marshall caves, Dukke wells and the Ampara smelting furnace. Yankari has facilities to accommodate tourists in 110 chalets and a large student hostel.
Conference halls, sporting facilities for table tennis, squash and badminton also exist at the Park.


The Okomu National Park has a secondary rain forest ecosystem. It has a total area of 181sq. km making it Nigeria's smallest park. Located in Edo State, it is haven for the highly endangered species of White throated monkeys. It also has a collection of forest Elephants, forest Buffalo, dwarf Crocodiles, bird life and insects especially exotic Butterflies.


The Gashaka Gumti National Park is the most rugged, the most challenging, the least developed and one of the most exciting parks in Nigeria. It has five sectors covering the rain forest, the savannah and the mountain areas. It covers a total area of 6,402sq. Km between Adamawa and Taraba States and is the biggest park in Nigeria. Potentially, it is the best in terms of nature tourism. In it is found scenery dominated by mountains, valleys, big rivers and streams. The Chappal Waddi Mountains bordering the Republic of Cameroun is Nigeria's highest peak at about 2,400 metres above sea level. The park has a very rugged access but has a combination of interesting flora and fauna species. They include primates especially Chimpanzees, Leopards, Lions, Kobs, Bushbucks, Warthogs, Elephants and a wide variety of fish and birds.


A replica of what was once the rain forest in Southern Nigeria is found at the Cross River National Park located in the South Eastern part of Nigeria. It is the last of the tropical rain forests with two sectors. The Oban Forests and the Okwango / Boki Forests make up the Park with a total area of about 3,000sq. km. The Park is home to lowland gorillas and other primates like drills which were on the verge of extinction but recently regenerated by an American Non Governmental Organisation - Pandrillus. Angwantibo is endemic to the Park. Forest Elephants, Leopards, Civet-cats and about 213 species of birds are found in the Park. Accommodation is available in adjacent Obudu Ranch Resort and at Butatong.
For easy accessibility, there is an existing airport at Calabar which is less than one-hour drive to Oban. The Bebi airstrip is equally about an hour's drive from Boki. This enhances access to the northern sector.


Nigeria is endowed with exotic white sand beaches stretching hundreds of miles on her Atlantic coastline. Among the developed beaches are five in Lagos, three in Badagy and the Ibeno Beach in Akwa Ibom State. On the bank of the River Niger, emerging beach resorts can be found at Lokoja and Asaba. There are many sites awaiting development and the appropriate government agencies have created incentives to attract investors.


Holiday resorts are gradually being developed in Nigeria as a means of expanding income that can be generated from tourism. The most prominent are the Obudu Ranch Resort which has more than 150 guest rooms and chalets and the Rock Castle adjourning the TIGA Dam which has been in existence for more than 30 years.


Water falls, picnic sites and lakes abound in Nigeria. They are available for joint development or outright concession. They include the Agbokin and Kwa Falls in Cross River State, the Assop and Kurra Falls in Plateau, Farin Ruwa Falls in Nasarawa State, Erin Ijesa Falls in Osun State, Gurara Falls in Niger State among others.
Picnic sites include the Olumo Rock, the Idanre Hills, the Ikogosi Warm Spring and Oguta Lake.


Nigeria's rich history is preserved in a number of Museums and Groves located in various parts of Nigeria. They include the National War Museum at Umuahia, the National Museums in Jos, Calabar, Benin, Kaduna, Igbo Ukwu, Owo, Ife, Lokoja and Lagos. There are also museums of traditional Nigerian architecture in Kano and Jos. Private Organisations and State Governments also run museums like the one existing in Badagry as well as Museums of Nigeria's flora and fauna which are located in all the national parks.
The Osun Grove in Oshogbo hosting the Yoruba goddess of fertility and other deities was recently recognized as a World Heritage site.


Hotels in Nigeria vary in comfort and tariffs. On the average, good hotels cost anything from US$70.00 per night. There are a number of five and Three Star International Hotels and Guest Houses offering a variety of services.


Nigerian art is an expression of images of the country's history, society and nature. They are highly appreciated and valued worldwide. It tells a great deal about our people, our environment and our culture. Much of the treasured art was looted during the “pacification” military expeditions but there is still so much that contemporary art and artists tell us through their work.
Through painting and sculpture even in its basic artistic expression, images of the society and its values are often recreated and Nigerians use it to send a distinct message. Centres of contemporary art activity in Nigeria are Osogbo renowned for sculpture, Benin, Ife, Jos, Kano, Igbo-Ukwu and Nsukka. Yaba College of Technology and Auchi Polytechnic which have strong art schools are also on the list. Some renowned international artists from Nigeria include Ben Enwonwu, Bruce Onobrakpeya, Uche Okeke, Bisi Fakeye, Chinwe Chukwuogo  Roy and Aina Onabolu.


Fashion in Nigeria is an expression of the artistic talents and ingenuity of her people. This is known all over the world and it distinguishes Nigerians from others.
Outside the hand woven textile materials from which the gorgeous traditional attires are made, the dye pits of Kano have long been known as bringing out the best materials which formed a major commercial article in the old trans-saharan trade.
Pottery is an age old expression with modern international centres at Suleja and Kaduna. Among the women folk in rural Nigeria, they form an integral part of their sources of livelihood till date.


Other common features of Nigerian art and craft include ornaments such as beads for decoration which have been in use for centuries. They are used to measure wealth in families and brides use these ornaments on their wedding day.
Leather from Northern Nigeria attracts very high value as expressed in decorative sitting materials. In other areas, mats are bye products of Nigeria's flora species from which straw hats are equally made.


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Last Updated (Friday, 23 December 2011 22:47)

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